Turquoise in America was originally found by Native American Indians of the Southwestern United States. The Turquoise mines first set up in America were hand mined with primitive tools. Turquoise was originally found in New Mexico and Colorado. The earliest Turquoise Mine being in what is now known as Cerrillos, NM. Turquoise Beads have been found at the Chaco Canyon Site dating back over prior to 900 A.D. The Cerrillos Turquoise mines are still being mined on occasion, but not in production.
In the late 1800's, the Navajo Indians started using Turquoise in their silver Jewelry and shortly after a market for Southwest Native American Turquoise Jewelry was born. Soon after that the demand for Turquoise grew exponentially and prospectors began opening Turquoise mines in Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico and Colorado. Today most of these Turquoise mines are closed.
View Durango Silver Companies Turquoise Mine list to see where American Turquoise Mines are located, a description of each Turquoise Mine and photos of the Turquoise from each of the Turquoise Mines. Our Turquoise Mine List is organized by State: Arizona Turquoise Mines, Nevada Turquoise Mines, New Mexico Turquoise Mines, Colorado Turquoise Mines, California and Utah Mines. We also have information on Global Turquoise Mines.
This Turquoise facts section of the site will help you find the locations of Turquoise Mines and sources of Turquoise. Most Turquoise deposits are in arid to semi-arid regions in igneous rock formations that contain high copper concentrations. Deposits of Turquoise can be found in America, Afghanistan, Africa, Armenia, Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Egypt, Europe, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Russia, Siberia, Tanzania, and Turkey.
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