ARIZONA TURQUOISE WE USE:
The Bisbee mine "the Lavender Pit", near Bisbee, Arizona, is one of the more famous of the American mines because Bisbee turquoise was one of the first put onto the market. The Arizona turquoise mine is part of the Bisbee copper mine (The Copper Queen), the main operation of the site. Bisbee turquoise has developed a reputation as a hard, finely webbed or dendrite, high blue stone, known for its "chocolate brown" matrix. Bisbee Turquoise also comes in a beautiful dark green color. Most of this turquoise has already been mined and what is left is in limbo due to circumstances with the copper mining in the open pit, it is one of the most highly collected stones. Most jewelry being made with this stone today is being made via the orders of the current owners of the mine, the rest (such as ours, which is all hand cut and mounted in silver jewelry by Durango Silver Co.) is found through old "stashes" or collections that have been obtained. Bisbee Turquoise Jewelry is some of the most desired jewelry on the market.
Turquoise Mountain and "Birdseye"
Turquoise Mountain and "Birdseye" turquoise come from the same mine in northwestern Arizona near the Kingman mine. The mine was closed in the 1980s. It is light to high blue, with both webbed and non-webbed matrix. "Birdseye" describes stones from this mine that show areas of light blue circled with dark blue matrix, resembling the eye of a bird. It is a beautiful addition to one's collection. If you have a collection of turquoise jewelry you definitely need this!!
Sleeping Beauty Turquoise
The Sleeping Beauty mine is located near Globe, Arizona. Its turquoise is noted for its solid, light blue color with no matrix. Sleeping Beauty turquoise is the favorite of the Zuni Pueblo silversmiths for use in petit point, needlepoint, and inlay jewelry. This mine is one of the largest in North America and is still operating. Another staple of today turquoise jewelry industry. Most of the robin's egg blue turquoise you see today is Sleeping Beauty Turquoise.
Morenci Turquoise is mined in southeastern Arizona. It
is high to light blue in color. Morenci has an unusual matrix of irregular black
pyrite that, when polished, often looks like silver. Morenci turquoise
is well known because it was one of the first American turquoises to come on
the market. It is very difficult to obtain now because the mine is depleted.
It is a collectible turquoise. Wearing a piece of turquoise jewelry featuring
Morenci turquoise puts you in the collectors circle fast.
More Turquoise Information | Arizona Mine List | Silver Jewelry Information
Colorado Turquoise We Use
Manassa (King's Mine or Lickskillet Mine)
Manassa turquoise is mined at Manassa in south central Colorado. It is known for its blue-green to green color with a golden or brown, non-webbed matrix. The Manassa mine is still in production, and owned by the King family, thus the alternate name sometimes used for this turquoise. The Manassa mine used to be call the Lickskillet Turquoise Mine in the old days. This stone is one of our favorite Turquoise varieties! Although, King's Manassa turquoise is gorgeous in turquoise jewelry with sterling silver, the beautiful green color is VERY striking, excellent when used in gold.
Villa Grove Turquoise was some of the finest Turquoise to ever come out of American soil. The Villa Grove Mine in Colorado is currently covered by a small mountain lake created by runoff and a natural spring, therefore is not being mine currently. The Mine was last owned by George Musik and before that by Menless Winfield. The turquoise is vivid deep blue, the only other turquoise we have seen with the highly coveted Bisbee Blue coloration or an absolutely stunning electric blue, the difference is the matrix is gold rather then brownish red, and usually a fine spider web or dendrites. The high-grade Villa Grove Turquoise in our opinion is incomparable, definitely the most beautiful Turquoise we have ever seen including Bisbee, and Lander Blue! The blue in the high-grade is so blue that a few cabs will turn a whole wall blue! This stone is very rare these days, especially the high-grade. Turquoise jewelry should thank Villa Grove for being around to make it greater!
Nevada Turquoise We Use
Blue Diamond Turquoise Mine
A Rare deep blue Turquoise producing mine in Nevada, Blue Diamond was mined
mostly in the 60s and 70s. You don't see much of this great stuff around anymore.
It is dark blue with a black matrix of dendrites and triangle shaped black chert.
The blue a lot of times is a swirling of two dark blues,.. it is stunning This
is a classic American Turquoise Look.
Blue Gem Turquoise Mines
The Blue Gem mine near Battle Mountain, Nevada produced a great variety of turquoise, from intense blues to deep green combinations with a hard, irregularly distributed matrix. While there are other mines in Nevada of the same name, the Battle Mountain Blue Gem mine& the Tonapah Blue Gem Mine, which began production in 1934 and is now closed, yielded the most valuable Blue Gem turquoise because of its rich color and its hardness. It is greatly desired by collectors. One of our favorites! This is an all time favorite and classic American Turquoise.
Blue Wind Turquoise Mine
Probably one of the finest, most unknown Nevada spider webs ever. There was
very little of This stone to come out, we only had it offered to us once, even
though we offered to buy all that they could produce! Deep blue with a black
spider web. We consider This spider web second only to Lander Blue! This was
another of Cutler Edgars mines. Wonderful in gold turquoise jewelry.
WOW killer spider web American Turquoise.
Broken Arrow Variscite and Turquoise Mine
The Broken Arrow Mine is located in the Candelaria Mining District of Nevada
outside of Mina. The Broken Arrow claims belong to the Otteson's. What has come
out of the Broken Arrow thus far is a blue and emerald green spider web and
clear Turquoise and Varascite, some call Variquoise. The emerald green variscite
is absolutely stunning, it looks like forest green emerald or jade. Some of
the finest variscite we have ever seen. Some of the turquoise they are pulling
out looks like old fox, the good stuff. Look at this gorgeous turquoise jewelry!!
Royston Turquoise Mines
Bunker Hill Mine - Oscar Wehrend - Royal Blue
Royston is a district in Nevada consisting of three turquoise mines: Bunker Hill, Oscar Wehrend, and the main producer, Royal Blue. Royston is known for its beautiful colors ranging from deep green to rich, light blues set off by a heavy brown matrix. The Royston district is still producing some turquoise of high quality. It ranges from a 5-6 in hardness for the highgrade. This is one the best selling stones for our line of jewelry. This Turquoise is being mine by the Ottesons.
Wonderful and classic turquoise jewelry of all kinds have been made with this wonderful turquoise. An American Turquoise Classic.
The Tortoise Turquoise & Variscite Mine
The Tortoise mine is a new mine in Nevada that we own and operate in partnership with Nevada Turquoise Company. This mine produces stellar material!! We have only started on This mine (we are only 5 feet down in the pit and are finding AAA grade material! The Tortoise produces green, blue, brown, white, yellow and red material with beautiful black spiderweb. We have determined that the mint green and blue materials are Turquoise and the white material is Chalcociderite, we are currently having the other materials assayed. We have vein material, nuggets and nodules. We have pulled out several nodules the size of softballs, and a piece of vein. that is 3ft x1 3/4ft x 2 inches thick! All the materials have a hardness of between 6 and 8 on the mohs scale. When you see This material you will fall in love! You want to see some gorgeous Turquoise jewelry, you have to see this stuff in silver jewelry or in gold jewelry.
White Buffalo Mine
White Buffalo Turquoise (actually Opalized Calcite) is a beautiful white stone with fine black spider web or kind of a blotchy matrix that is mine out of Nevada, north of Tonopah. This one is getting a little hard to get as it is in low production at this times. This stone takes a great polish, cuts like Turquoise and is commonly marketed as White Turquoise. We really like the black spider webbed version. It is mine by Danny and Dean Otteson. One of the hottest things to hit the Turquoise jewelry market in a long time.
Sugilite (aka Royal Azel, Royal Lavulite, Purple Turquoise, Luvulite,
Gem Sugilite, Royal Lazelle) is a somewhat obscure mineral named for
the Japanese geologist who discovered the first specimen in 1944, Ken-ichi Sugi.
It is a potassium sodium lithium iron manganese aluminum silicate (now that's
a mouthful!). Sugilite forms in syenite, a rock that was created through volcanic
activity deep beneath the earth's surface. It is usually opaque with a waxy
luster but can be translucent. It often has brown, pink and white inclusions,
looking like a purple version of turquoise (though the two minerals are unrelated).
The most valuable sugilite is a deep purple or reddish purple colors
it derives from manganese. However, some sugilite is gray, white or yellow.
These color variations are caused by quartz or various silicate materials present.
Warm soapy water is the best cleanser for this gemstone, as it is risky to clean
sugilite by ultrasonic machine or steaming. Sugilite has been called
the stone of the New Age. The variety Professor Sugi first discovered in Japan
in 1944 was a light brownish yellow. The second known occurrence of sugilite
came in 1955, when a single dark-red ore specimen with pink crystals across
its surface was found in central India. However, this specimen was not identified
as sugilite until many years later. It was not until 1975 that sugilite was
discovered in a significant quantity: a thin, bright-magenta band running through
a core sample obtained at a manganese mine in South Africa, near a small desert
town called Hotazel. Though this was a low-grade ore, by 1979 a major deposit
of gem-grade sugilite was exposed in the area. Most of this original material
has since been used up, making quality sugilite a relatively rare item on the
market. Only a few, much-smaller finds have followed. Sugilite is considered
a great balancer of mind, body and spirit, and is said to attract healing power.
Mystics say it helps with self-forgiveness and brings forth acceptance and belief
in oneself. It also is said to eliminate hostility and infuse the being with
inspiration and confidence. Yoga enthusiasts believe sugilite stimulates the
crown chakra and aids in opening all the chakras, allowing for the movement
of Kundalini energy. It is highly regarded for centering spiritual light into
the body and drawing out both physical and emotional pain. Sugilite seems to
protect against, absorb and dissipate anger. Many also believe it will heal
headaches and discomforts, simply by holding it. Sugilite is found on Iwagi
Island in Japan, Canada (Quebec) and most importantly, South Africa. In recent
years this gemstone has been used in all types of jewelry from southwest jewelry
to Victorian jewelry and is super hot in Zuni inlay jewelry.